Watershed Protection

A watershed is a region in which all land drains to a particular body of water or common point. It could be as small as your backyard or as large as any major river basin.

The responsibility of the PWC Watershed Management Program is to protect the watersheds through sound land management practices, water quality monitoring, and educational outreach.

Our sub-watersheds are located in Cumberland County, in Little Cross Creek, Big Cross Creek and in a portion of the Cape Fear River.

PWC’s Watershed Program includes Land Management,Water Quality Management, and Education.

Land Management
Watersheds staff manages approximately 6,000 acres of land through one or more of the following practices:

  • Prescribed Burning: Staff conducts controlled burning on watershed property to promote the longleaf pine and wiregrass ecosystem along with other fire dependent flora.
  • Forestry Management:The thinning of dense stands of trees and the removal of invasive and exotic plant species improves the health of the forest and enhances biodiversity.
  • Wetland Management:Native wetland plant species have been introduced to enhance biodiversity and wildlife habitat. Invasive and non-native plant species are controlled by manual removal.

Water Quality
Watershed staff manages four lakes and a wetland pond – Bonnie Doone Lake, Kornbow Lake, Mintz Pond, Glenville Lake and Mallard Creek Wetland Pond. These areas are part of our drinking water supply watershed. Staff co-manages Big Cross Creek and portions of the Cape Fear River.

Water samples are collected at the headwaters of each lake and downstream from the dam of each lake. Samples are also collected at the headwaters and outlet structure of the wetland pond and at other strategic areas draining into the water supply watershed. Staff collects grab samples at base level at sites on the watershed including one sample from Big Cross Creek sub-watershed. Staff collects field analysis of Dissolved Oxygen, pH, Conductivity, Turbidity, and Temperature. The PWC Lab analyzes sample results for Fecal Coliform Bacteria, Ammonia, Total Phosphorus, Nitrate, Nitrite, TKN Nitrogen, UV254, Manganese, Iron, Copper, Nickel, and Zinc. The results are reviewed and abnormalities are investigated.

Educational opportunities are offered and are coordinated through the PWC Communications/Community Relations Department. For more information, call (910) 223-4009 or e-mail info@faypwc.com.